The objective of this research work is
to find out the effects of indiscipline on academic performance of secondary
school students in Igueben Local Government Area of Edo State.
Indiscipline as a feature of Secondary
schools in Nigeria was no longer a news.
Despite general consensus of every body that a relatively peaceful
atmosphere is needed before a minimum amount of learning could be achieved,
this phenomenon has persisted in our schools.
So the researcher used as the sample
subject 100 respondents from the five different schools sampled.
Through the data analysis, it was
observed that socio-economic status is significantly related to indiscipline
and academic performance of secondary school students in Igueben Local
Government Area in Edo State.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Table of Contents vi
1.1 Background of the Study 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem 3
1.3 Objective of the Study 5
1.4 Research Hypotheses 7
1.5 Significance of the Study 8
1.6 Delimitation and Limitation of the Study 9
1.7 Definition of Terms 9
TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.0 Introduction 11
2.1 Concept of Discipline 11
2.2 Necessity and Importance of Discipline
and the Students 13
2.3 Sources of Indiscipline 15
2.4 Summary of Literature Review 18
3.1 Research Design 20
3.2 Population 21
3.3 Sample and Sampling Techniques 21
3.4 Research Instrument 22
3.5 Validity and Reliability of the Study 23
3.6 Questionnaire Administration 23
3.7 Method of Data Analysis 24
4.0 Data Analysis 25
4.1 Hypothesis Analysis I 25
4.2 Hypothesis Analysis II 28
4.3 Hypothesis Analysis III 29
4.4 Hypothesis Analysis IV 31
4.5 Hypothesis Analysis V 34
FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION
5.1 Summary 36
5.2 Conclusions 37
5.3 Recommendations 39
Appendix A: Questionnaire 45
to the Study
according to Jemibewon (1976) is a highly desirable quality of human being or
social group. Discipline behavior is
accepted as essential characteristics of any educated or cultured person. Discipline, therefore, is a subject of great
concern to parents, teachers, and administrators who are interested in the
moulding of the character of young people.
there appears to be a great concern about the lack of indiscipline in schools,
in offices and among people in public sectors.
However, the problem of widespread indiscipline among primary school
pupils and post primary schools is very clearly noticed. Every year serious cases of rioting, arsons,
damages to school property occur in several post-primary schools and
universities. In spite of the extreme
cases of indiscipline that attract newspapers headlines, there are routine
cases of truancy, disobedience, absenteeism, drug-abuse, fighting and other
example of indiscipline in the classroom which do not appear or are reported in
the Newspapers. From indiscipline among
the students, it has attracted much more attention than indiscipline among
members of staff. Parents blame teachers
for the indiscipline among school children and teachers blame parents,
government and school administrators for the indiscipline in the society. Nigeria like any other nation wants to live
in peace and harmony with their fellow country people regardless of their
various ethnic groups and religious affiliation. Today, education has contributed and
attracted increased government’s attention among other priorities. However, if these objectives are to be
achieved, discipline must be maintained in our school system since learning and
teaching cannot effectively take place under a threatened atmosphere. But today, acts of indiscipline: riot,
vandalism, lawlessness and the break down of law and order has become a way of
life of our present school system. What
then could be responsible for these acts of indiscipline in our school
system? Identification of these factors
is urgent if Nigeria is to achieve her goals in the committee of nations.
Statements of Problem
A research conducted by Oloruntimehire
(1974) on the causes of indiscipline, in post primary schools revealed that
indiscipline in Nigerian schools had been a running sore in the educational
system of this country. Indiscipline in
our system had continued to persist in spite of the series of warnings from the
Heads of State and concerned Nigerian that discipline should be maintained in
the school system. Thus a number of
measures that were adopted, such as closing down riot schools, suspension or
dismissal of ring-leaders and the mass transfer of teacher in such school have
not yielded any good results.
The question therefore is; who is to
blame, the teachers or the peer-group or the home or the students?
Therefore, this study is designed to
investigate the causes of indiscipline among Primary School pupils or
students. The following questions have
been addressed; whether:
1. Socio-economic background had any
significant influence on students’ indiscipline.
2. School administration had any
significant influence on students’ indiscipline.
3. Societal morals have any influence on
4. The pressure on paper qualification
has influenced school discipline.
5. The peer-group has influence school
Objectives of the Study
The main objective of this research
therefore is as follows: To know
1. The extent to which home
background/socio-economic status influence discipline in schools.
2. The influence of peer-groups on
discipline of primary school pupils.
3. The extent to which the pressure on
paper qualification influences school discipline.
4. Whether societal morals have
significant influence on school discipline.
5. School administration has great
influence on school discipline.
is based on the following assumptions:
1. That is the nation that will lose if
indiscipline in schools is allowed to continue unabated.
2. Indiscipline is a feature of our
3. That no learning takes place under
4. That the Phenomena is generally hated
by well meaning Nigerians.
5. That the solution of these problems
will enhance and increased educational achievement and output.
The research hypotheses for the study
are as follows:
1. There is a significant difference
between student from higher socio-economic groups and those from lower groups
in terms of academic achievement.
2. There is a significant relationship
between students discipline and their peer-group.
3. The students discipline is
significantly related to the school administration.
4. There is relationship between the
students discipline and societal morals.
5. There is significant relationship
between influence of paper qualifications and students discipline.
Significance of the Study
As a developing nation, if Nigeria is
to achieve fame and progress in all field of human endeavour, proper attention
should be given to the instilling of the act of discipline in our present
school system. Any nation invariably
depends on the type of youths she is able to produce. Thus, if the causal factors are identified,
we would be able to know what measure that could be applied in order to solve
the problem; or reduce it to a minimum.
Since indiscipline has similar causes it is certain that other
institutions of learning will adopt some of the proposal embodied in this
Thus the outcome of this research may
equally be of benefit to both the parents, teachers and government. Consequently, if the standard of education of
our youth were improved as a result of the eradication of indiscipline in our
primary and post primary schools, the yearnings and aspirations of Nigerians in
socio-political as well as scientific and technological field may be realized.
Delimitation and Limitation of the
Based on the anticipated significance
of this research topic, the area of study ought to have covered the entire
Local Government Area. However, because
of some limitations, the project is limited to random sampled area in Igueben
Local Government Area in Edo State. The
administrative capital of this council is at Igueben and other important towns
in the area are Ebelle, Amahor, Egbeki, Ekpon and Igueben. Thus, the scope of this study is limited to
the causes of indiscipline in primary schools.
Definition of Terms
For the purpose of this study, the
terms given below have the meaning attached to them:
learners to behaved normally and in accordance with the accepted rules and
regulation of a society.
is a deviance from the normal rules and regulations and norms of the society or
Education system: Agencies
and individuals who contribute in one-way or the other to the process of
learning in the society.