FEDERAL GOVERNMENT FINANCIAL ALLOCATION PLANNING
AND ITS CONTROL IN AN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION
(A CASE STUDY OF KADUNA POLYTECHNIC)
This study examines the Federal Government
financial allocation, planning and its control in an educational institution.
It is aimed at proffering solutions to the challenges of allocation of funds in
educational institutions. The questionnaire was used to record respondents’
responses. This is because it is effective in data collection. It was
discovered that insufficient student welfare makes it difficult for some
students to achieve their aims and objectives. It is also recommended that
budget allocation for staff training and development should be enhanced as a
tool for motivation.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
of content viii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
General background to the study 1
Statement of the problem 1
Objective of the study 5
Research Questions 6
Significance of the Study 6
Scope and Delimitation 8
Definition of Terms 9
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
Brief history of Kaduna
Budget Preparations 16
Type of budget in public sector 21
Difference between public and private sector budget 23
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Research designs 30
Methods of data collection 31
Methods of data analysis 32
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION ANALYSIS AND
Presentation of Data 36
Testing of Hypothesis 42
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.0 Introduction 46
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Higher educational institution especially in
Nigeria are known for insufficient allocation of resources from
government/stakeholder that set them up and other resources centres. In most
instances, management of these institution fall challenges of having to apply
in adequate resources to meeting the multi-dimensional objectives in producing
good output. This has always been a serious process.
This therefore necessitate the need to draw
policies that will help in the management of this facilities. Consequently
there is a need to also evaluate these policies and its management in order to
known its efficiency.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The roles and high educational institutions in
achieving national objectives can best be expressed as a series of tasks wich
must be fulfilled.
They cannot be accomplished over night. These
tasks are described as:
Passing on the heritage of the past.
When a child is born he begins a new personal existence, but he also
joins an old established society. One of the roles institutions plays is to
pass on to him the knowledge is very great. The present generation is deeply
indebted to past generation for all past discoveries, inventions and
accumulated experiences that have been handed down to them. Civilization would
cease to exist if every the heritage of the past were with held from present.
In the past this heritage was past on through the family or by contact
Today, the increased volume of knowledge and greater number of people
acquiring it, requires extra schools in form of private institutions organized
by individual and bodies.
Preparing for the future
To prepare pupils for living in the modern society, higher institutions
must prepare individuals spirit, mind and body. Decent behaviour must be
instilled, useful skills and healthy activities of the mind encouraged. These
three things are necessary not just preparing the children for earning a
living, but for coping with the problems of the society which they will soon
find themselves as adult members and also putting purpose into living.
Education gives a satisfying purpose for all we lean and it keeps us
from living a life that is purposeless and help us to show the people we teach
that our labours in teaching them and their efforts at learning after for a
better purpose than just making them skilled, but will help them to become man
and woman of real understanding.
Higher institutions need to convince their pupils and student that life
has purpose and education is worth while.
Training the Labour Force
Higher institution help the nation in developing low, middle and high
level man power necessary for economic development. These higher institutions
train a significant number of the country’s labour force such as technicians,
accountants, confidential secretaries, typists etc.
The top management cannot function properly without the support of
these categories of the labour force. They are like the foundation on which a
building rests. The wheel of economic progress will not move without the
support of these categories of labour force trained by higher institutions.
Without adequate funds, these tasks or objectives cannot be
accomplished. The institution runs various courses both at certificate,
national and higher national diploma levels.
Good financial allocation and control are needed to ensure the success
of the courses offered.
Financial allocation is needed for planning the scarce resource of the
institution, while control ensures that the action of the institution
management move to towards the stated objectives. Kaduna Polytechnic has
important roles to play in developing the management needed in the country, but
this role can be severely limited if the institution is not adequately funded.
The problem we wish to investigate is adequate finance being provided
to higher educational institutions such as Kaduna Polytechnic in achieving
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study are:
To examine the federal government financial allocation and planning and
its control in an educational institutional account.
To identify out the activities of federal government financial
allocation and planning and its control in an educational institutions account.
To identify the problem of activities of federal government financial
allocation and planning and its control in an educational institutions
To identify the possible solution in the problem of activities of
federal government financial allocation and planning and its control in an
educational institutional accounts.
What are the federal government financial allocation and planning and
its control in an educational allocation?
What are the activities of federal government financial allocation and
planning and its control in an educational institution?
What are the problem of federal government, financial allocation and
planning and its control in an educational institution accounts?
What are the possible solutions to he identified problem in federal
government financial planning allocation and its control in an educational
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The findings of this study will be of immense
benefit to the polytechnics. In other words, the staff, graduating student and
those who want to study in the Kaduna Polytechnic and so on.
It will also benefit the recently proposed
polytechnic commission, (NBTE) National Board for Technical Education, (WAEC)
West African Examination Council, (NECO) National Examination Council, (JAMB)
Joint Admission and Matriculation Board and other examination bodies.
An efficient manpower development programme will enhance staff
motivation towards acquiring additional qualifications. This in turn will
contribute immeasurably towards the overall attainment of the Kaduna Polytechnic